Language schools » Language Families » Altaic Languages

Altaic Sub Families

(66 Languages)

Is a proposed language family which includes some 60 languages spoken by about 167 million people, mostly in and around Central Asia and northeast Asia. The relationships among these languages remain a matter of debate among historical linguists. Some scholars consider the obvious similarity between these languages as genetically inherited; others propose the idea of the Sprachbund. There have been some attempts to extend the Altaic family borders by including Ainu (e.g., Street 1962, Patrie 1982), Tamil, Nivkh, or Hungarian, but these proposals have been rejected by the majority of scholars.

Mongolian (14)
Eastern (13)
Dagur Dagur
Mongour Kangjia, Tu, Bonan, Dongxiang, East Yugur
Oirat-Khalkha Mongolia Buriat, Russian Buriat, China Buriat, Halh Mongolian, Peripheral Mongolian, Darkhat, Kalmyk-Oirat
Western (1)
Tungus (12)
Northern (4)
Even Even
Evenki Evenki, Oroqen
Negidal Negidal
Southern (8)
Nanaj Nanai, Orok, Ulch
Udihe Oroch, Udihe
Southwest Jurchen, Manchu, Xibe
Turkic (40)
Bolgar (1)
Eastern (7)
  Ainu, Chagatai, Ili Turki, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yugur.
Northern (8)
  AAltai Southern and Northern, Shor, Dolgan, Karagas, Khakas, Yakut, Tuvin
Southern (12)
Azerbaijani Azerbaijani South and North, Khalaj Turkic, Qashqa'i, Salchuq
Crimean Turkish  
Turkish Balkan Gagauz Turkish, Gagauz, Khorasani Turkish, Turkish
Turkmenian Turkmen
Azerbaijani Azerbaijani South and North, Khalaj Turkic, Qashqa'i, Salchuq
Western (11)
Aralo-Caspian Karakalpak, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Nogai
Ponto-Caspian Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Karaim, Karachay-Balkar, Kumyk
Uralian Bashkir, Chulym, Tatar