Language schools » Language Families » Niger-Congo Languages

Niger-Congo Sub Families

(1514 Languages)

The Niger-Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families, and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers, and number of distinct languages. They may constitute the world's largest language family in terms of distinct languages, although this question is complicated by ambiguity in what is a distinct language. Almost all of the most widely spoken indigenous languages of Subsaharan Africa belong to this group. A common property of many Niger-Congo languages is the use of a noun class system.

Atlantic-Congo (1418)
Atlantic (64)
  Atlantic
Ijoid (10)
Defaka Defaka
Ijo Kalabari, Kirike, Southeast Ijo, Nkoroo, Ibani, Biseni, Okodia, Oruma, Izon
Volta-Congo (1344)
  Benue-Congo
Dogon Bangeri Me Dogon, Dogul Dom Dogon, Bondum Dom Dogon, Donno So Dogon, Jamsay Dogon, Kolum So Dogon, Tene Kan Dogon, Tomo Kan Dogon, Toro So Dogon
  Kru
  Kwa
  North
Kordofanian (24)
Heiban (10)
Eastern Ko, Warnang
West-Central - Central: Heiban, Laro, Logol, Otoro, Koalib,
- Shirumba: Shwai,
- Western: Moro, Tira.
Katla (2)
  Katla, Tima
Rashad (3)
  Tegali, Tagoi, Tingal
Talodi (9)
Talodi Proper - Jomang: Talodi,
- Nding: Nding,
- Ngile-Dengebu: Dagik, Ngile,
- Tocho: Acheron, Lumun, Tocho, Torona
Tegem Lafofa
Mande (71)
Eastern (18)
Eastern - Bissa: Bissa,
- Busa: Boko, Bokobaru, Busa, Kyenga, Shanga,
- Samo: Matya Samo, Maya Samo, Southern Samo.
Southeastern - Guro-Tura: Guro, Yaouré, Mann, Dan, Toura,
- Nwa-Ben: Gagu, Beng, Mwan, Wan
Western (53)
- Central-Southwestern (41)  
Central - Manding-Jogo,
- Susu-Yalunka: Susu, Yalunka.
Southwestern - Kpelle: Guinea Kpelle, Kono, Liberia Kpelle,
- Mende-Loma: Loma, Toma, Bandi, Loko, Mende
- Northwestern (12)  
Samogo Bankagooma, Duungooma, Dzùùngoo, Jowulu, Seeku
Soninke-Bobo - Bobo: Northern Bobo Madaré, Southern Bobo Madaré,
- Soninke-Boso: Tièma Cièwè Bozo, Tiéyaxo Bozo, Hainyaxo Bozo, Jenaama Bozo, Soninke
Unclassified (1)
Mbre