Language schools » Language Families » Pama-Nyungan Languages

Sepik-Ramu Sub Families

(100 Languages)

The Sepik-Ramu languages are a hypothetical language family linking the Sepik, Ramu, Nor-Pondo (Lower Sepik), Leonhard Schultze (Walio-Papi), and Yuat families, together with the Taiap language isolate, and proposed by Laycock in 1973. All told, Sepik-Ramu consists of a hundred languages of the Sepik and Ramu river basins of northern Papua New Guinea, spoken by only 200 000 people in all. The languages tend to have simple phonologies, with few consonants or vowels and usually no tones. The best known Sepik-Ramu language is Iatmül. The most populous are Iatmül's fellow Ndu languages Abelam and Boiken, with about 35 000 speakers apiece.

Gapun (1)
Taiap  
Leonhard Schultze (6)
Papi Papi, Suarmin
Walio Pei, Tuwari, Walio, Yawiyo
Nor-Pondo (6)
Nor Murik, Kopar
Pondo Angoram, Chambri, Tabriak, Yimas
Ramu (37)
Ramu Proper (28)
Annaberg - Aian: Aiome, Anor,
- Rao: Rao
Arafundi Arafundi
Goam - Ataitan: Andarum, Kanggape, Tanggu, Tanguat,
- Tamolan: Akrukay, Breri, Igana, Inapang, Itutang, Kominimung, Romkun
Grass - Banaro: Banaro,
- Grass Proper: Abu, Ambakich, Ap Ma, Gorovu
Ruboni - Misegian: Aruamu, Kire, Sepen,
- Ottilien: Awar, Borei, Bosngun, Kaian, Watam
Yuat-Langam (9)
Mongol-Langam Langam, Mongol, Yaul, Maramba, Biwat, Bun, Changriwa, Kyenele, Mekmek
Yuat-Maramba - Maramba: Maramba,
- Yuat: Biwat, Bun, Changriwa, Kyenele, Mekmek
Sepik (50)
Biksi (2)
  Kimki, Yetfa
Middle Sepik (16)
Ndu Ambulas, Burui, Boikin, Gaikundi, Iatmul, Koiwat, Manambu, Ngala, Malinguat, Sengo, Hanga Hundi, Yelogu
Nukuma Kwoma, Kwanga, Mende, Yerakai
Yerakai Yerakai
Ram(2)
Ram Pouye, Karawa
Ramu(1)
  Awtuw
Sepik Hill (14)
Alamblak Alamblak, Kaningra
Bahinemo Berinomo, Bahinemo, Bisis, Kapriman, Mari, Sumariup, Watakataui
Saniu Bikaru, Niksek, Hewa, Piame, Saniyo-Hiyewe
Tama (6)
  Ayi, Pahi, Mehek, Pasi, Yessan-Mayo, Kalou
Upper Sepik (6)
Abau Abau, Amal, Iwam, Sepik Iwam, Chenapian, Wogamusin, Ak, Awun, Namia
Iwam Amal, Iwam, Sepik Iwam
Wogamusin Chenapian, Wogamusin
Yellow River (6)
  Ak, Awun, Namia