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Tupi Sub Families

(76 Languages)


Tupi is the name of a language family that was spoken along the Brazilian coast at the time of its discovery. The Portuguese, when landing in Brazil, found out that wherever they went along the vast coast of this newly discovered land, natives spoke a similar language which was then named "língua geral" (general language). It was systematized by the Jesuits and spoken until the nineteenth century in that region. It is still used today by Indians around the Rio Negro region, where it is called Nheengatu [ñe-engatOO], or "fine language". The Tupi language subgroup consists of 6 languages in the Tupi-Guarani language family: Tupi Antigo, Nhengatu, Tupinkin, Potiguara, Omagua, and Cocoma. The Tupi-Guarani language family is part of a larger Tupian stock, which may be related to the Gê and Carib families in a Je-Tupi-Carib grouping.

Arikem
Arikem Arikem, Karitiâna
Aweti
Aweti Awetí
Mawe-Satere
Mawe-Satere Sateré-Mawé
Monde
Monde Aruá, Cinta Larga, Gavião do Jiparaná, Kanoé, Mondé, Suruí
Munduruku
Munduruku Kuruáya, Mundurukú
Purubora
Purubora Puruborá
Ramarama
Ramarama Karo, Urumi
Tupari
Tupari Kepkiriwát, Makuráp, Sakirabiá, Tuparí, Wayoró
Tupi-Guarani
Aurá Aurá
Guarani I Pai Tavytera, Tapieté
Guarayu-Siriono-Jora II Jorá, Yuqui
Pauserna Pauserna
Subgroup I Western Bolivian Guaraní, Paraguayan Guaraní, Eastern Bolivian Guaraní, Mbyá Guaraní, Aché, Kaiwá, Chiripá, Xetá.
Subgroup II Guarayu, Sirionó
Subgroup III Cocama-Cocamilla, Omagua, Potiguára, Tupinikin, Tupinambá, Tupí , Nhengatu
Subgroup IV Asuriní, Avá-Canoeiro, Guajajára, Suruí do Pará, Parakanã, Tapirapé, Tembé
Subgroup V Xingú Asuriní, Araweté, Kayabí
Subgroup VI Amundava, Apiacá, Júma, Karipúna, Karipuná, Paranawát, Tenharim, Tukumanféd , Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau, Wiraféd, Morerebi
Subgroup VII Kamayurá
Subgroup VIII Anambé, Amanayé, Emerillon, Guajá, Wayampi, Zo'é, Turiwára, Urubú-Kaapor
Yuruna
Yuruna Jurúna, Maritsauá, Xipaya