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Hindi useful phrases

Translation Phrase
Hindi
hello/goodbye (Hindu, north)
hello/goodbye (Hindu, south)
hello/goodbye (Sikh)
hello (Muslim)
hello (Muslim reply)
goodbye (Muslim)
please* (Urdu)
please*
thank you* (Sanskrit origin)
thank you* (Arabic origin)
thank you very much
you're welcome (don't mention it)
excuse me, sorry, please forgive me
excuse me (lit. please listen)
yes
no/not
good!/awesome!/oh.../really?!/well!
(all-purpose adj./interj.)
How are you?
OK!
one minute! (“just a sec”; interj.)
I don't understand
I don't know
English
what is your name?
my name is ...
It was nice to meet you
It was nice to meet you too (lit. to me also)
How much does this cost?
Do you speak English?


*These are not used nearly as casually in Hindi and Urdu as they are in western languages. ????? especially is used only in cases of true importance or urgency, and using it otherwise would sound incredibly stilted and formal. Instead, politeness is achieved by proper address and verb forms and body language/tone of voice.