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Language Regulators

Language Regulators


LANGUAGE LANGUAGE REGULATOR
Arabic Academy of the Arabic Language, is an academy in Cairo founded in 1934 in order to develop and regulate the Arabic language in Egypt and the Arab World.
Asturian Academia de la Llingua Asturiana, or Academy of the Asturian Language (ALLA) is an organization that promotes and regulates the Asturian language, a language of the Spanish autonomous community of Asturias. Among its principal objectives are the investigating and normalizating Asturian Language, elaborating its dictionary, promoving its use and education and convoking literar prizes. It has 21 full members, 19 foreign members and 15 honour members, and its actual president is Ana Cano.
Bangla / Bengali Paschimbanga Bangla Academy, Kolkata, West Bengal, or Bangla Academy, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Established on 20 May 1986, is the main academy for promoting Bangla language in West Bengal. The main office of the organisation is located at the campus of the Nandan, beside Rabindra Sadan.
Basque Euskaltzaindia, Euskerazaintza (for dialects). Or the Royal Academy of the Basque Language (literally translated as "group of keepers of the Basque language") is the official academic institution which watches over Euskara, the Basque language. It carries out research on the language, seeks to protect it, and establishes standards of use. It is known in Spanish as La Real Academia de la Lengua Vasca, (being under royal patronage like the Royal Spanish Academy) and in French as Académie de la Langue Basque.
Bulgarian Institute for Bulgarian Language at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Is the main Bulgarian centre for the study and description of the Bulgarian Language - its present state, history, rich variety od dialects and relations with other languages. The Institute is a central and coordinating unit which defines the national language policies and establishes contacts with foreign institutions, interested in the Bulgarian language.
Catalan Institut d'Estudis Catalans and Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (for the valencian standard). The Institut d'Estudis Catalans (IEC) is an academic institution. Its Philological Section promulgates official norms for the standard Catalan language. Its offices are in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (AVL) -Valencian Academy of Language- is an institution created on September 16, 1998, which depends on the Presidency of the Generalitat Valenciana. Its primary function is to determine and elaborate official norms for Valencian in the Land of Valencia.
Chinese State Language and Letters Committee of the PRC.
Cornish Kesva an Taves Kernewek (Cornish Language Board), is a representative body promoting the Cornish language. It was founded in 1967 by the Gorseth Kernow and the Federation of Old Cornwall Societies as a language planning and examining authority.
Croatian Vijece za normu hrvatskoga standardnog jezika (Council for Standard Croatian Language Norm) attached to the Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje (Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics).
Czech Czech Language Institute, is the regulatory body of the Czech language. It is one of the institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. It resides in Prague.
Danish Dansk Sprognævn (Danish Language Board), is the official regulatory body of the Danish language as a part of the Danish Ministry of Culture, and resides at the University of Copenhagen. It was established in 1955. The committee has three main objectives:
to follow the development of the language, to answer inquiries about the Danish language and its use, to update an official Danish dictionary (Retskrivningsordbogen).
Dalecarlian Ulum Dalska
Dutch Nederlandse taalunie (Dutch Language Union), is an international institution for discussing issues relating to the Dutch language. It was founded in 1980 by the Netherlands and Belgium. Surinam has been an associate member of the Taalunie since 2005. An important accomplishment of the Union has been the modification of the Dutch orthography in 1995.
English No official centralized regulator, but recognized standards include:
UK: Oxford University dictionaries. Oxford University, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world.
US: Webster's Dictionary, is a common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, deriving its name from American lexicographer Noah Webster. In America, the phrase Webster's has become a genericized trademark for dictionaries.
Faroese Føroyska málnevndin (Faroese Language Board).
Finnish Kielitoimisto (Language Planning Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland). The Research Institute for the Languages of Finland is a governmental linguistic research institute of Finland geared at studies of Finnish, Swedish, the Sami languages, Romany language, and the Finnish Sign Language.
French Académie française (French Academy), is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie consists of forty members, known as immortels (immortals). New members are elected by the members of the Académie itself. Academicians hold office for life, but they may be removed for misconduct. The body has the task of acting as an official authority on the language; it is charged with publishing an official dictionary of the language. Its rulings, however, are only advisory, not binding on either the public or the government.
French (Quebec) Office québécois de la langue française (Quebec Office of the French Language), was established on March 24, 1961 along with the Quebec ministry of Cultural affairs. Its mandate was enlarged by the 1977 Charter of the French Language, which also established two other organizations: the Commission de toponymie (Commission of Toponymy) and the Conseil supérieur de la langue française (Higher Council of the French Language).
Galician Real Academia Galega (Royal Galician Academy, official) Comissom Lingüística da AGAL (not official, lusist standard). Is an institution dedicated to the study of Galician culture and especially the Galician language; it promulgates norms of grammar, spelling, and vocabulary and works to promote the language. The Academy is based in A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
German No official regulator, but recognized standard by Duden dictionaries and reference books. The Duden is a German dictionary, first published by Konrad Duden in 1880.
Hebrew Academy of the Hebrew Language, is the "Supreme Foundation for the Science of the Hebrew Language", founded by the Israeli Government in 1953. The Academy is responsible for creating new Hebrew words to keep up with today's rapidly changing society. In addition, the Academy has the final say concerning matters of spelling and grammar.
Hindi Central Hindi Directorate, is the department, under the Human Resource Ministry of India, responsible for regulating the Hindi language.
Hungarian Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelvtudományi Intézete (Research Institute for Linguistics at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences). Was founded in 1949, its primary tasks include research in Hungarian linguistics, general, theoretical and applied linguistics, Uralic linguistics, and phonetics, as well as the preparation of a comprehensive dictionary of the Hungarian language, and the maintenance of its archive materials.
Icelandic Íslensk málstöð
Indonesian Pusat Bahasa (Language Center) is the institution responsible for designing and regulating the growth of the Indonesian language in Indonesia.
Irish Foras na Gaeilge, is the governing body of the Irish language, responsible for the promotion of the language throughout all of Ireland. The body comprises one half of The North/South Language Body (An Foras Teanga or Tha Boord o Leid) which was formed to oversee the furtherance of the native languages of the island of Ireland. Foras na Gaeilge promotes Irish, and its counterpart Tha Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch promotes the Ulster Scots language (the Ulster variety of the Scots language [1]) and affairs related to Ulster-Scots culture.
Italian Accademia della Crusca, is an Italian institution that brings together scholars and experts in Italian linguistics and philology. It was founded in Florence in 1583 by Antonio Francesco Grazzini, and has remained well known for its mission to maintain the "purity" of the original Italian language. In 1612 the Academy published the first edition of the Dictionary of the Italian Language, which also served as a model for subsequent dictionaries in French, Spanish, German and English.
Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs at the Ministry of Education of Japan.
Kannada Various academies and Government of Karnataka
Korean National Institute of Korean Language.
Malay Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Council of Language and Literature), is the government body responsible for coordinating the use of the Malay language in Malaysia and Brunei. DBP Malaysia was established on 22 July 1956, while DBP Brunei was established in the 1960s.
Maltese Akkademja tal-Malti, was the prime regulatory body responsible for the Maltese language from the early 20th century up to the end of the millennium, when a Government sponsored law was passed to protect issues related to the national language. On joining the European Union, Maltese became one of the recognised languages of the EU - no mean achievement for a language spoken by less than half a million people.
Maori Maori Language Commission, is a State organisation set up under the Maori Language Act 1987 with the following functions:
To initiate, develop, co-ordinate, review, advise upon, and assist in the implementation of policies, procedures, measures, and practices designed to give effect to the declaration in section 3 of this Act of the Maori language as an official language of New Zealand; Generally to promote the Maori language, and, in particular, its use as a living language and as an ordinary means of communication; The functions conferred on the Commission by sections 15 to 20 of this Act in relation to certificates of competency in the Maori language; To consider and report to the Minister upon any matter relating to the Maori language that the Minister may from time to time refer to the Commission for its advice; Such other functions as may be conferred upon the Commission by any other enactment.
Norwegian (traditional) Norsk Akademi for Sprog og Litteratur (Norwegian Academy), was founded in 1953 by several notable Norwegian authors and poets. They regulate what is now the unofficial form Riksmål, a more conservative and Danish-near form of Norwegian than the official Bokmål, and among other things publish dictionaries and support the publishing of literature in Riksmål.
Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk) Språkrådet (Norwegian Language Council), is the Norwegian government's advisory body in matters pertaining to the Norwegian language and language planning. The Language Council aims to protect the cultural heritage represented by the Norwegian written and spoken language, promote initiatives to increase the knowledge of the Norwegian language, its history and distinctive quality, promote tolerance and mutual respect among all users of Norwegian in its different varieties, and protect the rights of each citizen with regard to the use of the Norwegian language.
Persian Academy of Persian Language and Literature, Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan. Is a government controlled International body presiding over the use of the Persian language in Iran and other Persian speaking countries. The Academy's main activity has been creating and approving official Persian equivalents for the foreign general or technical terms. It has also created an official orthography of the Persian language, titled Dastoor-e Khatt-e Farsi (Persian Script Orthography).
Polish Rada Jezyka Polskiego (Polish Language Council), is the official language regulating organ of the Polish language. It was formed on September 9, 1996 as an advisory body to the Polish Academy of Sciences. It is composed of 30 scientists, linguists and other specialists. The main tasks of the council are: promoting the knowledge of and on the Polish language, ruling the language doubts, establishment and control over the creation of new words (most notably the scientifical and technical terminology), review of texts published by the Polish media and public administration, taking care of the language culture in Polish language schools.
Portuguese Instituto Internacional de Língua Portuguesa (International Portuguese Language Institute), is the CPLP's institute supporting the spread and popularity of the Portuguese language in the world. The Institute's headquarters is located in Praia, Cape Verde.
Portuguese (Brazilian) Brazilian Academy of Letters or Academia Brasileira de Letras, is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française.
Romanian (Romania) Institutul de Lingvistica al Academiei Române (Institute for Linguistics of the Romanian Academy). The Romanian Academy is a cultural forum founded in Romania in 1866. It covers the scientific, artistic and literary domains. The academy has 181 acting members who are elected for life.
Romanian (Moldova) Academia de Stiinte a Moldovei, is the highest forum of science in the whole country, it is a state institution having independent status and auto administration management.
Russian Russian Academy of Sciences, is the national academy of Russia. This organization includes scientific institutes from all across the Russian Federation. It is an honour to be elected to membership of the Academy, and as of 2005 there are slightly less than 500 full members of the academy. During the time of the Soviet Union it was known as the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. The Academy is headquartered in Moscow.
Scots Scotland: Unregulated (Dictionary of the Scots Language records usage, including that of Ulster). Ireland: by the Ulster-Scots Agency (cross-border agency, invents usage).
Scottish Gaelic Bòrd na Gàidhlig, is the Scottish government appointed agency with responsibility for Scottish Gaelic. Its primary aims are: to increase the number of Gaelic speakers, to strengthen Gaelic as a language of community and home, to promote Gaelic in Scotland's cultural life, and to develop the use of Gaelic in every aspect of Scottish life.
Slovak Slovak Academy of Sciences, is the main scientific and research institution in Slovakia fostering basic and strategic basic research. It was founded in 1942, closed after WWII, and then refounded in 1953. Its primary mission is to acquire new knowledge of nature, society and technology, specifically targeted at ensuring scientific basis for the advancement in Slovakia.
Slovene Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts, is a national academy of Slovenia, founded in 1938, covering science and the arts. It has a maximum of 60 full and 30 associate members and is located in Ljubljana.
Spanish Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española. Real Academia Española. The Association of Spanish Language Academies (Spanish: Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española) was created in Mexico in 1951 and represents the union of all the separate academies in the Spanish speaking world. The Real Academia Española (Spanish for "Royal Spanish Academy", RAE) is the institution responsible for regulating the Spanish language. It is based in Madrid, Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in 21 Spanish-speaking nations.
Serbian The Matica Srpska Society was one of the initiators of the Novi Sad Agreement on the Serbo-Croatian language (1954), led the action for making the unique orthography of the language (1960). They compiled The Vocabulary of Serbian Standard Literary Language in six volumes (1967-1976).
Swedish Swedish Language Council, is the primary regulatory body for the advancement and cultivation of the Swedish language. The council is partially funded by the Swedish government and has semi-official status. The council asserts control over the language through the publication of various books with recommendations in spelling and grammar as well as books on linguistics intended for a general audience, the sales of which are used to fund its operation.
Swedish (Finland-Swedish) Svenska språkbyrån (Swedish Language Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland).
Tagalog Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (Commission on the Filipino Language) is the official regulating body of the Filipino language. It was established in accord with the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines.
Thai The Royal Institute (Thailand).
Turkish Türk Dil Kurumu
Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, is the highest state research organization of Ukraine. Like many other academies it has a two-tier level of membership: academicians and corresponding members. There is also an additional category for the foreign members. It operates many research institutions in various fields of, mostly, fundamental science, as well as in humanities. The Academy has the state-agency status but is self-governed in decisions concerning its own activities in accordance with its Statute.
West Frisian Fryske Akademy, founded in 1938, is the scientific center for research and education concerning Friesland and its people, language and culture, this in the broadest sense of those words. The institution is based in the Coulonhûs in Leeuwarden.
Wolof Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar (Center of Applied Linguistics of Dakar at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal) abbreviated CLAD, is a language institute, which especially plays an important role in the orthographical standardization of the Wolof language.
Yiddish YIVO, or Yiddish Scientific Institute, is the most authoritative source for orthography, lexicography, and other studies related to the Yiddish language. Though it was later renamed the Institute for Jewish Research, it is almost always known by its original initials, which, in Yiddish, form the acronym "YI-V-O".