Number of Living Languages by Country

Number of Living Languages by Country


Country Living languages Number of speakers
Total Percent Indigenous Immigrant
Afghanistan 52 0.75 48 4 12,164,970
Albania 7 0.10 7 0 5,277,000
Algeria 22 0.32 18 4 24,934,100
American Samoa 6 0.09 2 4 60,350
Andorra 5 0.07 3 2 60,870
Angola 41 0.59 41 0 12,042,130
Anguilla 3 0.04 2 1 12,450
Antigua and Barbuda 4 0.06 2 2 78,000
Argentina 40 0.58 25 15 37,755,711
Armenia 12 0.17 7 5 3,431,030
Aruba 5 0.07 3 2 77,990
Australia 207 3.00 161 46 18,595,570
Austria 20 0.29 9 11 15,049,070
Azerbaijan 34 0.49 16 18 8,385,510
Bahamas 4 0.06 2 2 295,100
Bahrain 12 0.17 3 9 557,600
Bangladesh 46 0.67 42 4 142,283,460
Barbados 3 0.04 2 1 272,000
Belarus 11 0.16 2 9 8,800,600
Belgium 29 0.42 10 19 17,240,500
Belize 12 0.17 8 4 289,450
Benin 56 0.81 54 2 6,743,340
Bermuda 2 0.03 1 1 61,410
Bhutan 35 0.51 25 10 1,134,500
Bolivia 41 0.59 37 4 8,501,091
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 0.12 4 4 4,223,000
Botswana 40 0.58 29 11 1,551,320
Brazil 193 2.79 181 12 172,228,296
British Indian Ocean Territory 1 0.01 1 0 3,500
British Virgin Islands 2 0.03 2 0 21,700
Brunei 17 0.25 15 2 343,195
Bulgaria 16 0.23 11 5 9,362,100
Burkina Faso 70 1.01 68 2 11,025,870
Burundi 4 0.06 3 1 4,609,460
Cambodia 25 0.36 23 2 13,511,970
Cameroon 279 4.04 278 1 10,751,460
Canada 169 2.45 86 83 33,399,367
Cape Verde Islands 2 0.03 2 0 408,800
Cayman Islands 3 0.04 1 2 43,010
Central African Republic 82 1.19 71 11 3,478,795
Chad 133 1.93 131 2 6,573,351
Chile 16 0.23 9 7 14,049,503
China 296 4.28 292 4 1,211,179,642
Colombia 83 1.20 80 3 34,596,247
Comoros 7 0.10 6 1 594,100
Congo 66 0.96 62 4 3,942,950
Cook Islands 6 0.09 5 1 12,440
Costa Rica 13 0.19 10 3 3,385,390
Côte d’Ivoire 93 1.35 77 16 9,220,990
Croatia 22 0.32 7 15 4,488,450
Cuba 4 0.06 2 2 10,003,500
Cyprus 6 0.09 4 2 870,040
Czech Republic 20 0.29 10 10 10,019,810
Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 3.14 215 2 40,099,030
Denmark 13 0.19 7 6 5,606,300
Djibouti 10 0.14 5 5 484,900
Dominica 3 0.04 3 0 52,800
Dominican Republic 8 0.12 4 4 7,083,500
East Timor 19 0.28 19 0 531,510
Ecuador 25 0.36 23 2 11,167,601
Egypt 27 0.39 11 16 82,130,100
El Salvador 7 0.10 5 2 5,912,830
Equatorial Guinea 14 0.20 14 0 393,439
Eritrea 18 0.26 12 6 4,540,300
Estonia 18 0.26 2 16 1,402,170
Ethiopia 88 1.27 85 3 58,433,608
Falkland Islands 1 0.01 1 0 1,990
Fiji 21 0.30 10 11 810,100
Finland 23 0.33 12 11 5,102,260
France 62 0.90 23 39 62,236,150
French Guiana 15 0.22 12 3 68,490
French Polynesia 11 0.16 9 2 192,790
Gabon 43 0.62 42 1 1,275,110
Gambia 23 0.33 10 13 1,372,890
Georgia 25 0.36 13 12 6,183,840
Germany 69 1.00 27 42 95,349,200
Ghana 84 1.22 79 5 20,119,465
Gibraltar 3 0.04 2 1 6,200
Greece 24 0.35 14 10 11,527,730
Greenland 2 0.03 2 0 55,630
Grenada 3 0.04 3 0 92,250
Guadeloupe 4 0.06 4 0 449,500
Guam 8 0.12 2 6 151,000
Guatemala 53 0.77 53 0 9,120,012
Guinea 38 0.55 34 4 6,729,390
Guinea-Bissau 25 0.36 21 4 1,754,220
Guyana 19 0.28 16 3 677,674
Haiti 2 0.03 2 0 6,960,600
Honduras 13 0.19 10 3 5,763,760
Hungary 17 0.25 9 8 9,637,050
Iceland 2 0.03 2 0 230,000
India 445 6.44 438 7 1,040,676,464
Indonesia 722 10.45 719 3 222,699,476
Iran 79 1.14 75 4 61,208,340
Iraq 26 0.38 22 4 22,916,020
Ireland 5 0.07 5 0 4,116,000
Israel 48 0.69 33 15 8,672,085
Italy 42 0.61 33 9 87,915,330
Jamaica 7 0.10 3 4 2,685,000
Japan 16 0.23 15 1 122,750,865
Jordan 16 0.23 10 6 5,084,210
Kazakhstan 43 0.62 8 35 15,119,240
Kenya 74 1.07 69 5 27,872,508
Kiribati 3 0.04 2 1 59,290
Korea, North 1 0.01 1 0 20,000,000
Korea, South 4 0.06 2 2 42,063,600
Kuwait 7 0.10 3 4 819,400
Kyrgyzstan 32 0.46 3 29 5,062,800
Laos 89 1.29 84 5 5,349,894
Latvia 13 0.19 5 8 2,544,715
Lebanon 9 0.13 6 3 4,266,900
Lesotho 6 0.09 5 1 2,079,000
Liberia 31 0.45 30 1 2,716,980
Libya 32 0.46 9 23 5,733,770
Liechtenstein 4 0.06 3 1 31,100
Lithuania 12 0.17 4 8 3,684,730
Luxembourg 6 0.09 3 3 363,400
Macedonia 10 0.14 9 1 2,359,000
Madagascar 20 0.29 17 3 15,237,000
Malawi 24 0.35 16 8 10,389,500
Malaysia 145 2.10 137 8 19,465,720
Maldives 2 0.03 1 1 357,400
Mali 60 0.87 56 4 8,996,950
Malta 4 0.06 4 0 420,400
Marshall Islands 2 0.03 2 0 43,900
Martinique 3 0.04 2 1 427,330
Mauritania 10 0.14 6 4 3,073,730
Mauritius 13 0.19 6 7 1,357,840
Mayotte 4 0.06 4 0 136,990
Mexico 297 4.30 291 6 92,806,584
Micronesia 19 0.28 18 1 117,600
Moldova 13 0.19 5 8 4,395,860
Monaco 3 0.04 3 0 27,000
Mongolia 15 0.22 13 2 2,871,300
Montenegro 6 0.09 5 1 332,810
Montserrat 2 0.03 2 0 7,670
Morocco 10 0.14 9 1 26,448,930
Mozambique 53 0.77 43 10 19,326,700
Myanmar 116 1.68 111 5 47,319,800
Namibia 37 0.54 28 9 2,112,460
Nauru 9 0.13 3 6 10,010
Nepal 127 1.84 124 3 22,828,857
Netherlands 38 0.55 15 23 19,520,120
Netherlands Antilles 7 0.10 4 3 212,200
New Caledonia 41 0.59 39 2 147,467
New Zealand 22 0.32 4 18 3,398,100
Nicaragua 7 0.10 7 0 4,540,724
Niger 21 0.30 21 0 10,010,900
Nigeria 521 7.54 514 7 89,618,571
Niue 3 0.04 2 1 2,108
Norfolk Island 2 0.03 2 0 2,080
Northern Mariana Islands 7 0.10 4 3 26,800
Norway 20 0.29 10 10 4,818,670
Oman 21 0.30 15 6 1,553,400
Pakistan 77 1.11 72 5 137,480,330
Palau 5 0.07 4 1 15,422
Palestinian West Bank and Gaza 6 0.09 4 2 1,812,000
Panama 18 0.26 14 4 2,580,043
Papua New Guinea 830 12.01 830 0 3,833,255
Paraguay 27 0.39 20 7 5,839,140
Peru 93 1.35 92 1 25,681,710
Philippines 181 2.62 171 10 100,221,395
Pitcairn 2 0.03 2 0 36
Poland 20 0.29 14 6 37,827,910
Portugal 9 0.13 8 1 10,112,000
Puerto Rico 13 0.19 3 10 3,546,270
Qatar 6 0.09 3 3 205,700
Réunion 9 0.13 3 6 574,400
Romania 23 0.33 15 8 21,668,300
Russian Federation 135 1.95 100 35 142,089,904
Rwanda 5 0.07 3 2 6,503,000
Saint Helena 1 0.01 1 0 5,400
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2 0.03 2 0 39,200
Saint Lucia 2 0.03 2 0 159,600
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 0.04 2 1 5,500
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3 0.04 2 1 138,600
Samoa 2 0.03 2 0 199,200
San Marino 2 0.03 2 0 45,100
São Tomé e Príncipe 5 0.07 4 1 91,480
Saudi Arabia 20 0.29 5 15 16,140,720
Senegal 46 0.67 37 9 10,557,840
Serbia 21 0.30 14 7 7,885,960
Seychelles 3 0.04 3 0 75,280
Sierra Leone 26 0.38 24 2 4,885,380
Singapore 31 0.45 21 10 3,060,430
Slovakia 13 0.19 10 3 5,311,080
Slovenia 10 0.14 4 6 1,911,260
Solomon Islands 71 1.03 71 0 368,786
Somalia 15 0.22 13 2 10,590,659
South Africa 40 0.58 24 16 44,645,309
Spain 21 0.30 14 7 43,551,910
Sri Lanka 7 0.10 7 0 19,326,330
Sudan 134 1.94 133 1 22,325,960
Suriname 20 0.29 16 4 629,365
Swaziland 8 0.12 5 3 1,106,500
Sweden 30 0.43 12 18 8,558,850
Switzerland 26 0.38 12 14 7,548,830
Syria 22 0.32 16 6 13,170,010
Taiwan 28 0.41 22 6 22,073,704
Tajikistan 33 0.48 12 21 4,823,660
Tanzania 129 1.87 128 1 28,383,210
Thailand 85 1.23 74 11 51,668,997
Togo 43 0.62 39 4 3,978,800
Tokelau 2 0.03 2 0 1,450
Tonga 3 0.04 3 0 96,990
Trinidad and Tobago 7 0.10 6 1 74,300
Tunisia 10 0.14 6 4 9,052,500
Turkey 45 0.65 34 11 55,574,680
Turkmenistan 27 0.39 4 23 4,419,690
Turks and Caicos Islands 3 0.04 2 1 11,620
Tuvalu 2 0.03 2 0 11,570
Uganda 45 0.65 43 2 23,692,900
Ukraine 42 0.61 13 29 46,609,190
United Arab Emirates 36 0.52 7 29 1,773,670
United Kingdom 56 0.81 12 44 62,408,140
United States 364 5.27 176 188 262,728,296
United States Virgin Islands 5 0.07 2 3 66,150
Uruguay 12 0.17 2 10 3,150,200
Uzbekistan 39 0.56 8 31 21,988,220
Vanuatu 114 1.65 108 6 188,549
Vatican State 1 0.01 1 0 1,000
Venezuela 47 0.68 40 7 22,068,213
Viet Nam 108 1.56 106 2 75,650,099
Wallis and Futuna 3 0.04 3 0 13,340
Yemen 14 0.20 10 4 15,720,600
Zambia 50 0.72 43 7 10,913,380
Zimbabwe 22 0.32 19 3 15,712,470