Language families of the World

Language families of the World
The six top-level language families, each of which has at least 5% of the world's languages. Together they represent nearly two-thirds of all languages and five-sixths of the world's population. A summary of the distribution of languages and their populations within these six families is the following:

Major Languages Families in the World

Afro-Asiatic
Living Language Count 353
Porcent 5.11
Number of Speakers Count 359,495,289
Porcent 6.03
Countries Algeria, Bahrain, Cameroon, Chad, Cyprus, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Austronesian
Living Language Count 1,231
Porcent 17.82
Number of Speakers Count 353,585,905
Porcent 5.93
Countries Brunei, Cambodia, Chile, China, Cook Islands, East Timor, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Indonesia, Kiribati, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mayotte, Micronesia, Myanmar, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, United States, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Wallis and Futuna

Indo-European
Living Language Count 426
Porcent 6.17
Number of Speakers Count 2,721,969,619
Porcent 45.67
Countries Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

Niger-Congo
Living Language Count 1,510
Porcent 21.86
Number of Speakers Count 382,257,169
Porcent 6.41
Countries Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Sino-Tibetan
Living Language Count 445
Porcent 6.44
Number of Speakers Count 1,259,227,250
Porcent 21.13
Countries Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Viet Nam

Trans-New Guinea
Living Language Count 475
Porcent 6.88
Number of Speakers Count 3,334,267
Porcent 0.06
Countries East Timor, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea


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