The Most Common Basic Arabic Words

The Most Common Basic Arabic Words

Ahlan wa Sahlan! That would be a common greeting in Arabic, and if you will stay with us for this article, you will see what it means further down this composition. As you might have guessed already, here we will be mainly focusing on basic Arabic words, greetings, expressions and questions. As you probably know, what would be the first thing you learn in a new language? The hellos, goodbyes, thank you and so on. We’ve compiled a list of commonly used words and short phrases that would get you started in learning. 

Hello in Arabic – Marhaba – مرحبا 
Want to say hello? Marhaba would be one of your choices. This commonly used greeting is used informally, between your acquaintances or loved ones.

Ok in Arabic – Hsnan – حسناً
If the waiter at the restaurant will come to ask you if everything is alright, you would be able to answer him back with the Arabic version of OK. 

Goodbye in Arabic – Ella al leqa’ – الى اللقاء
We would also want to know how to say Goodbye as well. This would also be used informally.

Thank you in Arabic – Shokran – شكرا
What do we say after someone kept the door open for us to pass? Shokran!

Excuse me in Arabic – Alma’thera – المعذرة
Arabs really care for manners, so being able to say “Excuse me” will come in handy.

Thank God in Arabic – Alhamdullah – شكراً
Arabs tend to praise God when they succeeded something or when they are just being grateful for their well being.

You’re welcome in Arabic – Ala alrohb wal se’a – على الرحب والسعة
This would go hand in hand when someone says “Shokran” to you.

Good morning in Arabic – Sabah Al Khair – صباح الخير
Another greeting would be Sabah Al Khair, which it seems that natives prefer to use this when they greet someone who is not as close to them or when they choose to be more respectful.

Sorry in Arabic – Asef – آسف
Speaking of manners, saying sorry is also crucial to know in case you believe you might’ve disrupted someone.

Good night in Arabic – Tsbah ala khair – تصبح على خير
Of course, you might also want to know how to say Good Night to someone. You wouldn’t want to leave them hanging, would you?

Good evening in Arabic – Msa’ alkhair – مساء الخير
Knowing this greeting is useful as well, as Arabic has this option for evenings.

Welcome in Arabic – Ahlan – أهلاً
You might hear this often from a host when you go in a place or a home.

How are you in Arabic – Kefak – كيفك
Good manners would dictate that after a greeting, we ask someone “How are you?”. This would be the way to say it in Arabic.

I’m fine in Arabic – Ana bkhair – أنا بخير
This is a common response after “Kefak”. Hint: “Ana” in Arabic means “me”.

My name is in Arabic – Esme – اسمي
People might ask you what your name is, and this is the way to answer them.

Please in Arabic – Law samaht – لو سمحت
You might also want to know how to say “Please” when asking for something.

Happy birthday in Arabic – Eid melad sa’ed – عيد ميلاد سعيد
Want to make an Arab friend smile when they are celebrating their birthday? You can try by wishing them Happy birthday in Arabic.

Congratulations in Arabic – Mubarak – مبارك
Or even better, try congratulating your friend when something good happens to him.

Good luck in Arabic – Beltawfeeq – بالتوفيق
Let people know that they are in your thoughts when they are attempting something.

Yes in Arabic – Ajal – أجل
You might want to know this, as you’d need to know what to answer in case people ask you if you’re Arab or no.

No in Arabic – La – لا
This would go hand in hand with the yes.

I don’t know in Arabic – La a’ref – لا أعرف
You don’t necessarily need to have a definitive yes or no, you can always say “I don’t know”.

I miss you in Arabic – Eshtqtlk – اشتقتلك
Arab language is very fond of expressing one’s feelings to your loved ones. What better way to start than telling them “I miss you!”?

My love in Arabic – Habibi/habibti – حبيبي
Don’t be afraid to call your significant other the same way Arabs do.

Beautiful in Arabic – Jameel – جميل
Why not compliment your significant other as well?

Family in Arabic – A’elah – عائلة
It is well known that Arabs are very close to their families, so it will be a frequent discussion subject for them.

Brother in Arabic – Akh – أخ
Also, brothers play a huge role in the Arab household.

Sister in Arabic – Okht – أخت
For example like watching over their sisters.

Baby in Arabic – Tfel – طفل
Or maybe you know someone who just had a baby. You can use the Arab word for “Congratulations” we showed previously.

Life in Arabic – Hayah – حياة
They used to say that Life is like a cup of tea, to be filled to the brim and enjoyed with friends.

Good in Arabic – Jayed – جيد
If people say “Life is good”, not only that you know how to say “life” in Arabic, but now you also know “good”.

Bad in Arabic – Saye’ – سيئ
And no, we do not believe in a bad life, as everything can be turned through willpower.

Happy in Arabic – Sa’eed – سعيد
Wouldn’t you want to be able to tell people when you’re happy?

Happiness in Arabic – Sa’adah – سعادة
We taught you the adjective, and Sa’adah would be the noun version.

Help in Arabic – Mosa’da – مساعدة
In case you might need any help, always ask for mosa’da.

Restaurant in Arabic – Mat’am – مطعم
Let’s presume you would want to go to a restaurant, you would need to know how to say it in Arabic so the taxi knows where to take you.

Car in Arabic – Sayara – سيارة
And how would you go to a restaurant? With a car!

Bread in Arabic – Kkhubz – خبز
No matter what would you order at a restaurant, for sure you need to order the famous Arabic bread!

Home in Arabic – Bayt – بيت
And most probably after going to the restaurant, you might want to go home. And now you know the Arabic word for it.

Dog in Arabic – Kalb – كلب
Some people might have pets in their home. Kalb would be the word for dog.

Cat in Arabic – Qetta – قطة
Or maybe you’re more of a cat person?

Where are you in Arabic – Ayn ant – أين انت
We’ve went through the basic words in Arabic, however there are the basic “Wh” questions. This one would be for “Where are you?”.

Where in Arabic – Ayn – أين
Or maybe you want to ask the simple “Where?”.

When in Arabic – Mata – متى
It’s not just the “where” that is important, but also the “when”

What in Arabic – Matha – ماذا
This would be similar to the Arabic “when”, but it actually means “what”

Why in Arabic – Lmatha – لماذا
And this would be the 3rd word similar to the rest. These 3 are similar with each other so it would be easy to remember.

Sun in Arabic – Shams – شمس
Another important word in Arabic is “Shams”, for sun. A lot of Arab poetry has been inspired by the sun and the moon.

Moon in Arabic – Qamar – قمر
And now the other word which was the inspiration for all the poets.

Star in Arabic – Najma – نجمة
Since you now know how to say moon and sun in Arabic, might as well know the meaning for star.

Congratulations! you’ve made it to the end of the list! It is common practice that a language student, at the beginning of his learning journey, will start with the most common basic words. We advise that you revise and practice these words. It will give you more confidence over time regarding pronunciation and flow of speech. We are always here to suggest ways on how to achieve fluency in Arabic. 

Gary Greer

Gary Greer was born and raised in the United States.  After an eight year stint in the U.S. Army in 1992, he attended Delaware State University to pursue his B.A. in English Communications to become a writer. Since then he has traveled the globe, living in the Europe and the Middle East, working for such prestigious organizations as the U.S. Army, NAPA Auto Parts, and AMIDEAST, and other well-known organizations, as well.  Gary came to Jordan in 2005, bringing with him a wealth of experience in the fields of Business and Education, and has since implemented and taught specialized English and Business training courses in the Business, Hospitality, Medical and Legal sectors throughout Jordan for TE Data, The Nuqul Group, The Ministry of Justice, The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, UNRWA, and the Mövenpick and Kempinski Hotels, among others. Along with teaching, he has also pursued his dream of becoming a writer and has written and done the voice-over narration of two travel documentaries about Jordan for Seven Stars television worked as an editor for Family Flavours magazine and acted in television advertisements for USAID. He now works as a content writer for

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